GEOGRAPHIC SITUATION

Local authority of particular type, the District of Yamoussoukro covers the territory of the current Department of the same name. Included between 06° 49 and 06°47 of Northern latitude and 05°16 and 05°15 of Western longitude, it covers a surface of 3500 square kilometers. Yamoussoukro, the seat of the District, is the political and administrative capital city and especially the birthplace of late Felix Houphouët-Boigny, first president of the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire.

The District of Yamoussoukro, is limited to North by the Department of Tiébissou, in the South by the Department of Oumé, in the east by the Department of Dimbokro and in the West by the Departments of Sinfra and Bouaflé, in the area of Marahoué.

The relief of the District of Yamoussoukro is on the whole, a type of relief of plains and plates where the planity of the horizons is the fundamental character of the landscape.

One can distinguish several levels of plates staged, between 200 and 500 meters, separated one another by a low height slope (10 to 30 meters). This type of relief is characteristic of that of the zone center of Côte d'Ivoire. The apparent overall monotony of the relief lets appear as well in zone of plains as in zone of plates, the isolated relief called inselbergs. It is for example the " Baoulé chain or Rombo OKA."

Plant of the District of Yamoussoukro belongs to the Guinéen field. This vegetation is characterized by pre-forest savannas which are presented in the form of grassy extents primarily graminaceous, strewn more or less densely with small trees of septentrional origin, intersected with galleries and thickets or forest small islands whose floristic composition is that of the semi-decidue forest. The forest galleries are related to the presence of water, while the forest small islands are weil developed on the birrimien much more unstable, on eruptive rocks.

They are generally preserved around the villages. Over drained grounds, savanna with rôniers dominates in the Center and. the East of V Baoulé.

The District of Yamoussoukro profits from a Hydrographique network primarily composed of Marahouet (or red Bandama) and N'zi, two affluents of Bandama, only river to take its source in Côte d'Ivoire. These two rivers belong to the equatorial mode of attenuated transition, intermediary between the tropical mode of transition and the equatorial mode of transition. The medium and high season waters is spread out from May to November, but the unfolding of the annual rising is not always any more marked.

It is necessary that the rainfall of the second rain season be very low so that the point of June-July becomes prevalent compared to that of September-October.

We are in the presence of a type of climate characterized by one dry season which extends from November to Mars, with a temperature of 25,80 C. The rain season is marked by two maximum pluviometric, one in June and the other in September, where one notes a pluviometry of about 1145,60 millimeters.

The District of Yamoussoukro includes four principal sub-prefectures of Attiégouakro, Didiévi, Tié- diékro and the Commune of Yamoussoukro.

Great agglomeration having known a fast urbanization, Yamoussoukro shows the characteristics of a modern city: Administrative and commercial center, large bituminized arteries, buildings, residential districts etc. The rate of urbanization is 55 %.

The District of Yamoussoukro includes 169 villages and hamlets which are distributed between the four sub-prefectures which make it up. Among other villages, one can quote Lolobo, Toumbokro, Oufouédjékro, Zata etc. One counts 88 electrified villages on ail the territory of the District.

Cosmopolitan, the population of the District of Yamoussoukro is estimated at nearly 300.000 inhabitants, that is to say a density of 85,7 inhabitants to the square kilometer. To the autochthones populations Akouè, Nanafouè, Zigli and Gban, it is necessary to associate a foreign population estimated at (52.562 inhabitants) and representing 17,56 io of the total population of the District. The Burkinabés communities (24.990 inhabitants are the most significant of this foreign population.

Malians (13,202 inhabitants)
Guinéennes (3.278 inhabitants)
Béninoises (2.940 inhabitants)
Sénégalaises (1.759 inhabitants)
Nigerians (1.456 inhabitants)
Ghanéennes (667 inhabitants)
Togolaise (435 inhabitants)
Natives of Niger (1.759 inhabitants)
Mauritanian (435 inhabitants)

Notable fact to announce, the population of the District of Yamoussoukro is a young population.56,46 io of this population is less than twenty (20) years.

One also notes a noticed presence of the women (150540 inhabitants) within the population of the District of Yamoussoukro. This presence is announced especially in the culture and the food trade of the products like in the small trade.

 
 
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