authority of particular type, the District of Yamoussoukro covers
the territory of the current Department of the same name. Included
between 06° 49 and 06°47 of Northern latitude and 05°16
and 05°15 of Western longitude, it covers a surface of 3500
square kilometers. Yamoussoukro, the seat of the District, is the
political and administrative capital city and especially the birthplace
of late Felix Houphouët-Boigny, first president of the Republic
of Côte d'Ivoire.
The District of Yamoussoukro, is limited to North by the Department
of Tiébissou, in the South by the Department of Oumé,
in the east by the Department of Dimbokro and in the West by the
Departments of Sinfra and Bouaflé, in the area of Marahoué.
relief of the District of Yamoussoukro is on the whole, a type of
relief of plains and plates where the planity of the horizons is
the fundamental character of the landscape.
can distinguish several levels of plates staged, between 200 and
500 meters, separated one another by a low height slope (10 to 30
meters). This type of relief is characteristic of that of the zone
center of Côte d'Ivoire. The apparent overall monotony of
the relief lets appear as well in zone of plains as in zone of plates,
the isolated relief called inselbergs. It is for example the "
Baoulé chain or Rombo OKA."
of the District of Yamoussoukro belongs to the Guinéen field.
This vegetation is characterized by pre-forest savannas which are
presented in the form of grassy extents primarily graminaceous,
strewn more or less densely with small trees of septentrional origin,
intersected with galleries and thickets or forest small islands
whose floristic composition is that of the semi-decidue forest.
The forest galleries are related to the presence of water, while
the forest small islands are weil developed on the birrimien much
more unstable, on eruptive rocks.
are generally preserved around the villages. Over drained grounds,
savanna with rôniers dominates in the Center and. the East
of V Baoulé.
District of Yamoussoukro profits from a Hydrographique network
primarily composed of Marahouet (or red Bandama) and N'zi, two affluents
of Bandama, only river to take its source in Côte d'Ivoire.
These two rivers belong to the equatorial mode of attenuated transition,
intermediary between the tropical mode of transition and the equatorial
mode of transition. The medium and high season waters is spread
out from May to November, but the unfolding of the annual rising
is not always any more marked.
is necessary that the rainfall of the second rain season be very
low so that the point of June-July becomes prevalent compared to
that of September-October.
are in the presence of a type of climate characterized by one dry
season which extends from November to Mars, with a temperature of
25,80 C. The rain season is marked by two maximum pluviometric,
one in June and the other in September, where one notes a pluviometry
of about 1145,60 millimeters.
District of Yamoussoukro includes four principal sub-prefectures
of Attiégouakro, Didiévi, Tié- diékro
and the Commune of Yamoussoukro.
agglomeration having known a fast urbanization, Yamoussoukro shows
the characteristics of a modern city: Administrative and commercial
center, large bituminized arteries, buildings, residential districts
etc. The rate of urbanization is 55 %.
District of Yamoussoukro includes 169 villages and hamlets which
are distributed between the four sub-prefectures which make it up.
Among other villages, one can quote Lolobo, Toumbokro, Oufouédjékro,
Zata etc. One counts 88 electrified villages on ail the territory
of the District.
the population of the District of Yamoussoukro is estimated at nearly
300.000 inhabitants, that is to say a density of 85,7 inhabitants
to the square kilometer. To the autochthones populations Akouè,
Nanafouè, Zigli and Gban, it is necessary to associate a
foreign population estimated at (52.562 inhabitants) and representing
17,56 io of the total population of the District. The Burkinabés
communities (24.990 inhabitants are the most significant
of this foreign population.
fact to announce, the population of the District of Yamoussoukro
is a young population.56,46 io of this population is less than twenty
also notes a noticed presence of the women (150540 inhabitants)
within the population of the District of Yamoussoukro. This presence
is announced especially in the culture and the food trade of the
products like in the small trade.